Adam was one of the oldest secular composers hose literary and musical works include chansons and poetic debates. He was a trout©re, poet and musician, whose literary and musical works include chansons and juju-parties (poetic debates) in the style of the trousers, Adam De La Whale, Miniature in musical codex s. XIII Source: http//piggeries. Com/image/chaffed Artist: Unknown polyphonic roundel and motets in the style of early liturgical polyphony. His musical play, “Jew De Robin et Marion” was considered the earliest surviving secular French play with music. His works include: 1. El Jew De Robin et De Marion 2. La Chanson du ROI De Sicily
Listen to the link below that features ” League De Robin et Marion” http:// Music Of The Medieval Period By JuliusGranadaPag 1600) The term “Renaissance” comes from the word “remainder” which means “rebirth”, “revival”, and “rediscovery’. The Renaissance Period is a period of of “looking back” to the Golden Age of Greece and Rome. The invention of printing in the sass’s paved the way for a wide distribution of renaissance compositions. With the emergence of the bourgeois class, renaissance music became popular as entertainment and activity for amateurs and the educated. Lute was the prominent instrument of the incessant era.
The influence of the Roman Catholic Church started to decline as the new music genre arose. Though sacred music was still of great importance, secular music became more prominent in the renaissance period. This era was also known as the “golden age” of a capable choral music. Other historical facts during this era is the discovery of the actual position of earth in the solar system by Copernicus, the invention of compass creating a wider navigation not only of the lands but also of the oceans, and Martin Lather’s Protestant reformation. Characteristics of renaissance Music: Mostly polyphonic
Imitation among the voices is common Use of word painting in texts and music Melodic lines move in a flowing manner Melodies are easier to perform because these move along a scale with a few large leaps vocal Music of the renaissance period 1. Mass – is a form of sacred musical composition that sets texts of the Eucharist liturgy into music. Characteristics of the Mass: Polyphonic May be sung a capable or with orchestral accompaniment Text may be syllabic (one note set to each syllable), intimate (a few notes set to one syllable), or melodramatic (many notes to one syllable) Five Main Sections of Mass: .
Keri (Lord Have Mercy) 2. Gloria (Glory to God in the Highest) 3. Credo (l Believe in One God) 4. Sanctum and Benedicts (Holy, holy and Blessed Is He) 5. Gangs Die (Lamb of God) Listen to the link below that features one of the main sections of the mass. “Gloria” by Joaquin De Prep http://www. Youth. Com/watch? V=Cabochon 2. Madrigal – A secular vocal polyphonic music composition which originated from Italy. It is written and expressed in a poetic text and sung during courtly social gatherings. It is the most important secular form during the Renaissance period. Characteristics of the Madrigal:
Sung a capable Through-composed Frequently in 3 to 6 voices Listen to “April Is In My Mistress’ Face” by Thomas Morley reflection: 1. Which music are you familiar with? Why? Composers of the renaissance period 1. Giovanni Periling dad Palestinian, Rome, 1525 – February 2, 1594 Giovanni Periling dad Palestinian is said to be the greatest master of Roman Catholic Church music during the Renaissance period. Majority of his compositions are sacred music. He was committed to sacred music and has a keen interest in satisfying the desires of church leaders in the sixteenth century.
Palestinians Pope Marcella Mass is held up s the perfect example of counter – reformation style. Keri is part of the first two sections of the Pope Marcella Mass. His career reflects his commitment to the music of the church. He received his early training and spent the majority of his career in various churches in Rome, including the pope’s chapel. He was as an organist and choir master at both the Sistine Chapel and at SST. Pewter’s which may have influenced his distinctively pure and restrained style in musical compositions. Palestinian also served as an organist in SST. Gigabit.
His first book Masses became popular and was rattle appreciated by Pope Julius Ill. Palestinian has two sons but lost them both during the plague epidemic that struck Rome in sass’s. He had planned to become a priest but eventually changed his mind and married a wealthy widow. This improved his wealth and enabled him to pursue a musical career for the rest of his life. Listen to the links below that feature the opening Keri (Excerpt from “Pope Marcella Mass) http://www. Youth. Com/watch? Fiddlesticks http://www. Youth. Com/watch? V=N.B.-I_Visits 2. Thomas Morley, 1 557 – 1602 Morley was born in Norwich, East England, the son of a brewer.
He was a singer in the local cathedral from his boyhood, and he became master of choristers there in 1583. Thomas Morley was the most famous composer of secular music in his time. He was a singer in the local cathedral during his childhood and was believed to have studied music with William Byrd, an Elizabethan composer of sacred music. He received his Bachelor’s degree in Oxford and became an organist at SST. Pall’s in London. He tried imitating Byrd in his early works but veered towards composing madrigals that show a variety of color, form and technique. Most of his madrigals are eight and easy to sing with some aspects of Italian style.