Those pictures look very elegant, and help us to admire those primitive peoples wisdom. Therefore, some famous cave painting in Europe, Africa, and Australia are the most mentioned with their own culture, legend and characters. Of course, some opinions are still controversial because different people have different conjectures, but those mysteries will be cleared one day as more and more evidence is discovered. The cave paintings of Europe are interesting because of their special meaning. Altair in Northern Spain, Lascar and Chaplet in French are the typical representatives for European cave painting.
Those paintings were drawn before 35,000 years. They have three common characteristics for locations: “(1) in obviously inhabited rock shelters and cave entrances; (2) in galleries immediately off the inhabited areas of caves; and (3) in the inner reaches of caves, whose difficulty of access has been interpreted by some as a sign that magical-religious activities were performed there” (Cave Art in Europe). The cave of Altair was discovered in 1879 and it is a really dark cave so people have to ignite animal fat for lighting and work inside. Paintings primarily focus on bison, and also eve horse, deer, and wild boar portrayed, but no landscape” (Marcello 151 The colors of the cave paintings are multiple because primitive people used the natural earth pigments, for example, ochre and zinc Oxides. However, those pictures are mostly animals, and not any ornament, background and people images appear around those paintings. Therefore, some specialists infer that primitive people believed that humans in the image would cause death or bad fortune.
On the Other hand, because some pictures shows animals With wounds by spears, people believed that the cave painting shows how to improve hunting skills. However, only a few pictures show that animals are being attacked, so some people think that the painting represents the idea of gaining more food. Lascar and Chaplets cave art in France show more bovines and horses. From the research, people found clearly that those painters preferred more meat and hides, so big meatier wild animals were popular in the cave paintings. Moreover, those paintings also show that painters may fear those large animals because tot their speed and natural weapons.
Therefore, “the paintings are consistent with the idea that the art is related to the importance of hunting in the economy f upper Paleolithic people” (Cave Art in Europe). Europe cave paintings lets modern people get to know the real size and appearance of some wild animals during the Paleolithic period. It is a symbol that shows how humans’ civilization and intelligence quotient developed during the Resurfacing time period. Another area that shows these animal cave painting is Africa that there are three periods about the cave painting like Babuls, Cattle and Horse.
The end of the sixth to the mid fourth millennium BC was the period of Babuls, and the feather was totally different compared to the modern Sahara. Former Sahara was a rich resource of wild flora and fauna, lush plants, even in the poor place of South Africa, and there were also a variety Of kinds Of animals. During the period Of Babuls, the cave painting mainly shows that animals are going extinct in that area. “The animals are naturalistic and often on a large scale. Men are armed With clubs, throwing sticks, axes and bows, but never spears” (The Archaic Mode of Production: Archaic Northern Africa).
The Cattle period begins from the mid. 4th to mid-2nd millennium BC. The cave painting mainly shows the naturalistic animals, herdsmen and cattle, which are displayed. ‘The Cattle Period reflects a fully pastoral economy, and it is associated with pottery, polished stone axes, grindstones, arrowheads and the bones of domesticated cattle, sheep and goats’ (Sahara rock art). From ca 1200 BC, the period of the Horse begins. In the period of the Horse, there are still three little periods that are subdivided into a Chariot, Horseman and Horse-and-Camel.
Camel is the special one that appears at that time, and trot the late period tot Tassels art. The cave painting of the Horse period is smaller than the Cattle period, hut highly schematic. Humans are represented by a double triangle during the period. “Consequently, investigation of Sahara rock art is slowly emerging as a self-contained subfield of prehistoric research with its own agenda, one that may seem appropriate but that is only loosely connected to more material culture-oriented studies of past societies” (Hold 3).
Lastly, Cave painting in Australia is the painting center around the Oceania. There are more than ten thousand pieces of rock art that are discovered, so this is the richest and most colorful place for cave painting. Aboriginal people used different colors like red, yellow, black and blue to scribe some heroes in their legends. The cave paintings of Australia represent the religion Of Aboriginal religious belief. People imagined that ancestral beings were present on the rock walls in mythical times. Under this system of belief, human beings did not paint these images but were produced by ancient ancestors settling into the cave walls, while their spirits may have traveled on” (Allan). Therefore, the cave painting is sacred and serious for the Aboriginal people in Australia. Another very famous and interesting thing is that scientists found the picture of Theology on the cave painting. Theology is a kind of fierce and cruel animal that lived in Australia, but it has already become extinct.
The finding of the telescope’s picture provided a lot of information for scientists, and helped them analyze the life-forms and when they appeared on the world. The difference between the cave painting in Australia and other places is it provides more value in other realms except for archaeology, In conclusion, cave painting is a very important subject worth studying. The information tot cave painting connects the research of local history, culture and religion, prom the term report, revive some general ideas about the research of cave painting in Europe, Africa, and Australia.
All of these locations have their own characterization so we can infer about people’s lives and thinking at that time. Our ancestors used their wisdom to leave great cultural heritage. However, there are also a lot of guesses for the cave paintings: some new ideas and new discoveries will become known around the world. These discoveries record the development of humans from the past. However, as our environment and artificial world affect the earth, those cave paintings obtain varying degrees Of damage. The local government should focus on this rich heritage of cave paintings.